As the political, economic and cultural center of Xinjiang, Urumqi is an expansive industriopolis, which led all the rest of the 11 provincial capitals in western part of China in many fields. Urumqi has seven districts plus one county under its jurisdiction including Tianshan District, Sharyibark District, Toutunhe District, Shuimogou District, Xinshi District, Dongshan District, Nanshan Mine District and Urumqi county.
Urumqi is a multinational city, where 49 nationalities live in compact of mixed communities. Besides Han, the ethnic groups include the Uygur, Hui, Kazak, Mongolian, Kirgiz, Xibe, etc. 24.6% of the total population are minority people. Tourists are always amazed by the unique ethnic life styles and their traditional cultures.
Since Eastern Han Dynasty (25-220 BC), as part of Cheshi Kingdom, the Urumqi and nearby area was put under the administration of the Han Empire. In Tang Dynasty (618 - 907 BC), more troops were sent to the region for farming and guarding the territory to prevent the invasion of nomadic tribes. In Qing Dynasty (1644 - 1911 BC), a city wall was built in the south of present Urumqi, and it was named 'Dihua' by Qianloing Emperor. In 1954, the city name was changed back to 'Urumqi' by the local government.
Nowadays, Urumqi has become a transportation hub at northwest of China, which has international regular flights and trains connecting Russia, Turkey, and central Asian countries. For international tourists, Urumqi is the stopover for the further exploration of Xinjiang and the Silk Road.
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All About Urumqi
China City Tours
Senior Travel Specialist