New Year Water-Splashing Festival of Dai People in Xishuangbanna, Yunnan

Do Chinese have Carnival? The answer is YES! For people looking forward to participating in the Carnival within China, Xishuangbanna Water-Splashing Festival is undoubtedly one of the best choices! The Water-Splashing Festival (also known as Buddha Bathing Ceremony) is the New Year's celebrations of the Dai ethnic minority in Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture, southwest China's Yunnan Province. Attending a Chinese festival like this could be the most unforgettable experience whiling touring China.

Xishuangbanna Water Splashing Festival

Annually, it is held on the 24th to 26th day of the sixth month of the Dai calendar. In Gregorian calendar, the festival always falls in the mid-April, and lasts at least three days, attracting tens of thousands of locals and tourists together to enjoy the unprecedented Carnival atmosphere. Jinghong, the capital of Xishuangbanna Prefecture, usually celebrates it from April 13 to 15.

For Dai people, the annual Water-Splashing Festival is the most important holiday. In this grand ceremonial occasion, Dai ethnic people who make up 34% of the total population of Xishuangbanna wore brightly colored costumes to ring out the old and ring in the new by slashing water on each other. For Dai people, water stands for holiness, purity, brightness, and the source of life. Prepared to be watered and fall in love with it!

As always, people armed with buckets, basins or any containers full of pure water assembled in the public parks and squares, on the roadside, along the riverbank, and then splashed water on each other cheerfully, expressing goodwill and happiness, no matter they are neighbors or friends or strangers.

Dai people splashing water on monks

To celebrate the New Year, water splashing was only part of the ceremony. There were also other traditional activities of interest, like dragon-boat races, launching of rockets, minority song and traditional Dai dance performances, commodity fairs, parades, and throwing colorful pouches for expressing love among unmarried men and women.

Dai girls at Yunnan Xishuangbanna Water Splashing Festvial

About the origin of the festival, legend has it that once upon a time, there was a "demon of fire" who brought all the pains and sufferings to the local people. All the people hated him, but his magic was too powerful for them to overcome. One day in the sixth month, his seventh wife, who had been kidnapped from the village, tricked him into revealing his weaknesses. As he slept, his wives killed the demon by strangling him with a single hair of his own.

Unfortunately, wherever his cut-off head tumbled about, there were raging flames. However, once the head was carried in the arms of one of the girls, the fire would immediately go out. So the girls decided to hold the post in turn, each for one year. At the time of New Year when they switch shifts, local people would gather to splash water on the relieved girl to clean the bloodstains on her body and help her recover from the year-long fatigue.

Ever since, the Dai people have been celebrating the new year by water-splashing to wash away the dirt, sorrow and demons of the old year and bring in the happiness of the new. In the Dai culture, water serves as a symbol of sanctity and brightness. During the festival, tens of thousands of people throughout the world gathered to celebrate the Water-splashing Festival in Jinghong City.

Along the roadsides, in public parks or squares, local people and tourists wearing colorful clothes splashed water and give their best regards to each other. During the festival, everyone is ready for blessing and receiving wishes from others. Foreighers would get special attention so prepare to be drenched all day. Remember, the wetter you get, the more luck you'll receive.

Tourist at Yunnan New Year Water Splahing Festival

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