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Ethnic Groups

  • Ethnic Groups in China

    China is a large country noted for its dense population and vast territory. At present, there are altogether 1.3 billion people from 56 ethnic groups in China. The defining elements of an ethnic group are language, homeland, and social values. As the majority ...

  • Zhuang

    Zhuang nationality is the most populous minority group in China and its people mainly live in compact community in the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region in southern China. It adopts Zhuang language, which belongs to the Chinese-Tibetan language family. The pred...

  • Manchu

    The Manchu ethnic group is China's second largest with a population of 10.68 million (by 2000). They are mainly distributed in Liaoning, Jilin and Heilongjiang Provinces in north-east China. Manchu history can be traced back to the Nuzhen people who lived 2,00...

  • Hui

    With a sizeable population of 9.8 million, Hui ethnic group is one of China's largest and most widely distributed ethnic minorities. They mainly live in concentrated community in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region in northwestern China. Besides, many Hui people eit...

  • Miao

    The Miao ethnic minority has a population of more than 8.94 million (by 2000), mainly distributed across Guizhou, Hunan, Yunnan, Guangxi, Hubei and Guangdong provinces, forming one of the largest ethnic minorities in China. The Miao language belongs to the Mia...

  • Dong

    Population and Geographical DistributionThe Dong people are one of the 55 minority people groups of mainland China. According to the 1990 census, there are about 2,514,000 Dong in China. They live in remote mountain valleys along meandering streams in Guizhou,...

  • Yao

    The Yao ethnic minority, with a population of 2,637,421, mainly live in mountain areas in south of China like Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, Hunan, Yunnan, Guangdong, Guizhou and Jiangxi provinces. About 70 % of them live in Guangxi.The language of the Yao ...

  • Uygur

    The Uygur ethnic minority has a population of about 8.82 million (2003), mainly inhabit in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, which is by far the biggest of the country's regions and provinces. The Tianshan Mountains divide Xinjiang into northern and southern p...

  • Hani

    The dark blue garments and silver jewelry worn by Hani women create a simpler, more elegant impression than the attire of many other ethnic minorities in southern Yunnan. Hani girls most enjoy window-shopping at the silversmith's shop in town. The silversmith ...

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