Home > Xiamen > Earth Towers of Hakka

Earth Towers of Hakka   

earthern tower xiamenThe Hakkas who settled in mountainous south western Fujian province in China developed unique architectural buildings called Tulou, literally meaning earthen structures. Because of the undesirable mountainous regions, the Hakkas set up these unique homes to prevent attack from bandits and marauders.

A Tulou, or "earth tower", is a traditional communal residence in the Fujian province of Southern China, usually of a circular configuration surrounding a central shrine. These vernacular structures were occupied by Hakka groups. Fujian Tulou is known for their unique shape, large scale, and ingenious structure. They were designed as a large fortress and apartment building in one. Structures typically had only one entranceway and no windows at ground level. Each floor served a different function - the first hosts a well and livestock, the second is for food storage and the third and higher floors contain living spaces. Tulou can be found mostly in south western Fujian and southern Jiangxi provinces.

Although most Tulous were of earthen construction, the definition "tulou", is a broadly descriptive label for a building type and does not indicate construction type. Some were constructed of cut granite or had substantial walls of fired brick. Most large-scale Tulous seen today were built of a composite material known as sanhetu rather than just earth.

Among all the Earth Towers, Tianluokeng Tulou Cluster, Yuchang Earth Tower, Zhencheng Tower, Chuxi Tulou and other sites are the best-known for visitors.

inside view of earth towerred laterns and alleyoverlooking the earthern towers

More Attractions in Xiamen

Recommended China Tours Including Earth Towers of Hakka Xiamen

  • South and West China E ...

    Exploring the south and west of China in 14 days! This tour are specially design for travelers who are interested in t ...

  • East China Highlights

    Along the eastern coastline of China, there are many beautiful places for exploring – starting from the charming seas ...

  • Xiamen Chengdu Tour

    In the tour, you will delightfully see the difference of the coastal Xiamen and inland Chengdu. Both of them have thei ...